In general, cartilage regeneration procedures utilize cartilage cells, either from a patient’s body or a donor, to regrow new cartilage. There are numerous ways to accomplish this, with increasing evidence to support its use when the cartilage is injured, but the underlying bone is not involved.
These treatments can be considered “cell-based treatment.” They may be combined with marrow stimulating procedures to promote the recruitment of stem cells to the injured area and promote cartilage regrowth. The ultimate goal of these procedures is to regrow “Hyaline like cartilage,” which is typically found on joint surfaces, as this cartilage has the most optimal properties for joint biomechanics. These procedures are usually associated with a prolonged and strict post-operative recovery to give cells the necessary time to grow.